New tobacco products” mainly refer to tobacco products that are different from cigarettes that use traditional smoking methods. According to the use form of its products, it can be roughly divided into two categories: no smoke and smoke. Smokeless products mainly include cigarettes, chewing tobacco, and chemical-containing tobacco products, while the main forms of smoked products include heat-not-burn tobacco products and electronic cigarettes.
The main common features of new tobacco products are that they do not need to be burned, and are basically free of harmful components such as tar, and at the same time, they can meet the needs of the human body to consume a certain amount of nicotine. This feature makes the new tobacco products have an “innate advantage” in the harm reduction mechanism, and the harm reduction range is relatively obvious, which has been preliminarily confirmed.
Therefore, the emergence of new tobacco products is inevitable, and its development will reflect the characteristics of “lower harm”, and promote the development of tobacco products to be less harmful to users and harmless to others and the environment.
Smokeless tobacco product is a small device used to simulate or replace the smoking of cigarettes. Fog, for people to inhale.
Snuff (i.e. moist snuff, Snus) is currently the mainstream smokeless tobacco product in the world. It is a moist or semi-moist powdered tobacco product that can be packaged in a pouch similar to but smaller than a tea bag, placed behind the lips and between the gums for half to an hour. The main markets are the United States and Sweden. Numerous studies have shown that snus is less harmful than cigarettes.
Heat not burn tobacco products
Heat not burn tobacco products are also known as novel cigarettes or low temperature cigarettes. Its main feature is the use of an external heat source to heat tobacco instead of igniting it to produce tobacco flavor gas.
According to the research results, nicotine and most flavor components in tobacco leaves can be released from tobacco at 300-600°C and transferred to the smoke. Excessive temperature will lead to the pyrolysis of tobacco flavor components into harmful components. Therefore, reducing the temperature of cigarettes can not only greatly reduce the harmful components of smoke, but also have a relatively small impact (or even increase) on many flavor components. If the heating temperature of cigarettes is controlled below 600°C, so that the tobacco is heated but not burned, many harmful components in the smoke are expected to be greatly reduced, which provides a theoretical basis for the research and development of low-hazard cigarettes. This is where heat-not-burn tobacco products came into being.
Heat not burn tobacco products can be divided into three types according to different heating sources: electric heating type, fuel heating type and chemical heating type.
Fuel heating type, that is, an external fuel is used as a heat source to heat tobacco substances and generate nicotine-containing smoke.
The physicochemical reaction heating type uses the heat generated by the physicochemical reaction as a heat source to heat the tobacco substance to generate nicotine-containing smoke.
Since the heating temperature of HNB tobacco products is much lower than the combustion temperature, the harmful components produced by the high temperature combustion and cracking of tobacco can be effectively reduced, and the release of chemical components in mainstream smoke can be greatly reduced. Different from the smoldering method of conventional cigarettes, it is in a state of unheated cut tobacco during intermittent smoking, so sidestream smoke and ambient smoke are also greatly reduced. The smoking method is basically similar to traditional cigarettes. The core raw material of consumption is still tobacco, which can maintain the flavor of tobacco to the greatest extent and is also conducive to the supervision of monopoly.
At present, the existence of heat-not-burn tobacco products is mainly used as a supplement to traditional cigarettes, and will not fully replace traditional cigarettes in the short term. There is still a long way to go in terms of sensory taste, user experience, manufacturing process and risk assessment. However, heat-not-burn tobacco products are less harmful and can maintain the flavor of cigarettes to the greatest extent. If they can give full play to their own characteristics and make effective breakthroughs in technology, they will be recognized by more and more consumers. With the gradual expansion of the audience, more innovative and contemporary HNB products will profoundly change the existing pattern of the tobacco industry and become a new growth point in the global tobacco market.
Electronic cigarette(Vape) is a small device used to simulate or replace cigarette smoking. People smoke.
E-cigarettes replace the tobacco burning process of cigarettes by heating the liquid. While releasing aroma and nicotine, the amount of tar and other harmful components released is greatly reduced compared with traditional cigarettes. The innovation of electronic cigarettes on the smoking principle is a leap-forward improvement in the technology of reducing coke and harm of tobacco products.
Most electronic cigarettes have a similar appearance to cigarettes, and their smoking methods are basically the same as cigarettes. Since electronic cigarettes do not need to be ignited, do not produce soot, and do not have uncomfortable second-hand smoke, electronic cigarettes are more convenient to operate, have a wider range of use, and have less impact on the surrounding people.
In the early stage of the development of electronic cigarettes, due to the large quality problems in atomization technology and e-liquid formula, the market acceptance was general, and it disappeared for a time in 2007. By 2010, with the continuous maturity of products and the increase in global tobacco control efforts, various electronic cigarette brands have gradually opened up the consumer market in the United States and other places, and electronic cigarettes have re-entered the public eye and are welcomed by more and more consumers.